Frank Lloyd Wright

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Frank Lloyd Wright

By organic architecture I mean an architecture that develops from within outward in harmony with the conditions of its being, as distinguished from one that is applied from without.


Frank Lloyd Wright served his apprenticeship years in the practice of Adler & Sullivan. He borrowed the concept of "organic architecture" from his "dear master" Louis Sullivan. Wright extended this concept into a number of directions and created a rich potential of new forms. For him the organic element of architecture also extended into the relationship between building and environment, to the continuity between interior and exterior space, to the inner connection of the parts with the whole and to the treatment of materials in accordance with their nature and character.

During the course of his long life he prepared over eight hundred designs, four hundred of which ended up being built. Apart from countless residences he designed churches, stores, office buildings, hotels and museums. Everyone of these commissions he thought about thoroughly, which often resulted in revolutionary design solutions. Whenever possible he took a comprehensive approach to his designs, including interior decoration, furniture and lighting, in order to achieve an organic unity. His diverse designs show that he wasn’t trying to create a new style but to find the specific forms that suited the particular situation.

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Unity TempleUnity Temple Oak Park, Illinois, 1904-1907 
House FallingwaterHouse Fallingwater Bear Run, Pennsylvania, 1935-1939 
Solomon R. Guggenheim MuseumSolomon R. Guggenheim Museum New York, N.Y., 1943-1946, 1955-1959